Prototype Information: the F&M locomotives

The notes on individual locomotives were originally collated and published by Chuck Collins, and are re-published here with his permission. The introduction, updates and formatting for this blog by Terry Smith.

The Franklin and Megantic Railroad

The F&M ran 14 ½ miles from a junction with the Sandy River at Strong to Kingfield. Building started in 1884 and the line was part financed by Boston based businessmen (with interests in the Sandy River Railroad) to extract their forest holdings. In 1894, the owners of the F&M organised the Kingfield and Dead River Railroad which branched from the F&M at Kingfield to Bigelow. This branch opened in 1894 with the 9 mile extension from Kingfield to Carrabasset and finally opened the remaining 6 miles to Bigelow in 1900. The K&DR was a paper company wholly owned and operated by the F&M, and never owned any locomotives or rolling stock. The railroads merged into the Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad company in January 1908 and ceased to exist as separate entities.

F&M #1

Hinkley #1664 built 1/1884 as Franklin & Megantic #1 V.B.Mead.

14 ton inside frame 0-4-4RT
32″130psi boiler
9×12 cylinders
30″ drivers
Rear tank held 600 gallons water & 3/4 ton wood.

This locomotive served as

Franklin & Megantic #1 (1884 – 1905)

Franklin & Megantic #2(2nd) (1905 -1908)

Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes #2 (1908 – 1912)

This locomotive followed the pattern of Monson #1. Used as Franklin & Megantic construction engine beginning October 1884, and for Franklin & Megantic passenger service beginning 10 December 1884. Used as a standby engine following delivery of the former Laurel River & Hot Springs mogul in 1900. Renumbered Franklin & Megantic #2 in June 1905. Little used following purchase of Sandy River #16 in 1907. Renumbered Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes #2 in the 1908 consolidation. Scrapped September 1912 as Maine Central Railroad modernized subsidiary Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes locomotive fleet.

F&M #2 (1st)

Baldwin #8304 built 12/1886 as Franklin & Megantic #2 S.W.Sargent.

16 ton outside frame 0-4-4RT
38″ diameter 130psi boiler
9″x14″ cylinders
33″ drivers
Rear tank held 600 gallons water & 3/4 ton wood.

This locomotive served as

Franklin & Megantic #2 (1st) (1886 – 1905)

Franklin & Megantic #3 (1905 -1908)

Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes #3 (1908 – 1912)

This was the first Baldwin locomotive built for the Maine 2 foot gauge lines, and was the first to use the outside frames favored by Baldwin. It was the largest 2 foot gauge locomotive in Maine at the time of its delivery. The design similarly represented the heaviest driver axle loading to date. Loading of 5 tons per axle was a half ton greater than Hinkley’s Franklin & Megantic #1. Purchased as a freight engine to carry lumber produced by mills on the recently completed Mount Abram branch. Used as a standby engine following Josiah Maxcy’s purchase of the Franklin & Megantic railroad in 1898. Renumbered Franklin & Megantic #3 in June 1905. Renumbered Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes #2 in the 1908 consolidation. Unused following completion of logging operations at Hammond Field. Scrapped September 1912 as Maine Central Railroad modernized subsidiary Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes locomotive fleet.

F&M #2 (2nd)

Original #1 was re-numbered as the second Franklin & Megantic #2 (1905 -1908)

See entry for original #1 above for more details.

F&M #3

The original #2 was re-numbered as Franklin & Megantic #3 (1905 -1908)

See entry for original #2 above for more details.

Passenger car models availability by prototype roadnames;- F&M

F&M Passenger cars                                         Rev 2                    dated: 30-11-2018 




Model Builder


Current status




1 Carrabasset

Combine Grandt Line, DRL (*/**/#) Transferred to SR&RL #11 1908

Boothbay Railway Museum




2 (1rst)

RPO – Baggage Renumbered F&M #4 1903?

Portland Terminal Co.



2 (2nd)

Passenger Car Works Transferred to SR&RL #21 1908





Combine Car Works Transferred to SR&RL #14 1908





RPO – Baggage Re-num from F&M #2 1903?, rebuilt prior to 1904 re-arranging windows, Transferred to SR&RL #6 1908

destroyed 1950

Portland Terminal Co.


Deerfield River Laser make 36 foot Quik-Kits (coded * in this table), 46 foot kits (coded ** in this table) and 6 foot 6 inches wide ends (coded # in this table). See the Deerfield River Laser Two foot page for further details;-

November 2018 update: Grandt Line made O scale door and window sets for SR&RL passenger rolling stock as shown in the picture below, but the company is currently being sold. The production rights and tooling have been acquired by The San Juan Company in Colorado, and they have made a general announcement of intending to continue to supply parts in the future. In a message posted to the Maine On2 group on the 14th November, Doug Junda (one of the owners of The San Juan Company) stated that they were currently building inventory in California prior to moving equipment to Colorado.

The picture above shows some of the SR&RL passenger car doors and windows previously available from Grandt Line.

Locomotive models available by prototype roadname; F&M


Loco #



min radius



 roster info Carter

 F&M #1

V B Meade Forney 0-4-4T Hinkley #1664

Portland Products

The Forney Co.



became the 2nd #2 in the 1905 re-numbering

F&M #2

S W Sargent Forney 0-4-4T Baldwin #8304 became #3 in the 1905 re-numbering

F&M #3

Forney 0-4-4T Baldwin #8304 formerly #2, became #3 in the 1905 re-numbering

Click on the blue text within the table to view the model details on another browser page.

For more information about the prototype locomotives, visit the Chuck Collins pages.

Click here to view the prototype F&M on another browser page.

Click here to view the SR&RL re-numberings topic on another browser page.

Last update: 16-Jan-2018


F&M; Historic list of plans

Historic F&M drawings list; this list of drawings was last updated on the 11th November 2003.

RR Description Reference source  Vol-issue  yr-mo pg-
F&M Log Bunk Dunlop, James Finelines  1969/05 v06#03 pg-13
F&M Loco #2, S. W. Sargent” NGSL  1986/09        pg-78
F&M Baggage & Smoker Car Schlechter , Robert dwg avail -R Schlechter
F&M Baggage/RPO #2 NGSL  1995/03        pg-79
F&M Baggage/RPO #2 Kohler, Gary SR&RL Passenger Cars                 pg-25
F&M Carrabasset depot drawing in HO Barney, Peter Structures of the Maine Two-Footers                 pg-16
F&M Kingfield (new style) turntable Schlechter , Robert dwg avail -R Schlechter
F&M Kingfield yard map Cornwall, L. Peter Ride the Sandy River                 pg-077
F&M Kingfield yard map Cornwall, L. Peter Ride the Sandy River                 pg-098
F&M Kingfield Powder House Kohler, Gary M2FQ  2003/06 v08#04 pg-10
F&M Kingfield Section House NGSL  1993/11        pg-45
F&M Kingfield (old style) turntable, Strong & Phillps as well Schlechter , Robert dwg avail -R Schlechter
F&M Kingfield (new style) turntable Schlechter , Robert dwg avail -R Schlechter
F&M Kingfield Sanborn Insurance map 1924 Sanborn  1924/          pg-
F&M Strong enginehouse drawing in HO Barney, Peter Structures of the Maine Two-Footers                 pg-14

What are “the Maine Two Footers”?


The former Monson locomotive #3, seen here at the Portland Narrow Gauge Museum in 1997 is a typical Maine Two Foot locomotive. The narrowness of two foot gauge track is evident at the feet of the onlookers.

What are “the Maine Two Footers”?

Most enthusiasts would recognise them as a group of two foot gauge railroads that were built in Maine from the 1880’s onwards, and operated as common carriers to their local communities until as late as the 1940’s.

They were characterised by using the same locomotives designs, and the same suppliers for rolling stock initially, and later worked co-operatively to develop better and larger locomotives. A number of locomotives and coaches changed lines at various stages of their careers.

The lines are;-

B&SR; – Bridgton and Saco River (after 1927 Bridgton and Harrison B&H)

KC – Kennebec Central

Monson – The Monson

SR&RL – Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes (formerly Sandy River, Franklin & Megantic, Phillips & Rangeley, Eustis) with two associated lines Madrid RR, Kingfield & Dead River RR which were both developed to handle lumber interest in the area, but never had equipment of their own.

WW&F – Wiscasset Waterville and Farmington (formerly Wiscasset & Quebec).

The first two foot gauge common carrier railroad built on the East Coast was the ill fated Billerica & Bedford railroad in Massachusetts which started the interest in two foot railroads but only operated  for nine months, before the equipment was sold to the then building Sandy River Railroad.

A lot of the equipment was to later return to Massachusetts when the remnants of the Bridgton and Harrison line and two Monson locomotives plus other various equipment were collected at South Carver to form the Edaville Railroad, which ran from 1947 until initial closure in 1993.

In line with most enthusiasts, this FAQ’s will use the term “the Maine Two Footers” to refer to and include all the above named lines. Further information on these lines can be obtained from a number of sources.

For more information about the B&SR locomotives click here.

For more information about the KC locomotives click here.

For more information about the Monson locomotives click here.

For more information about the SR&RL locomotives click here.

For more information about the WW&F locomotives click here.

Listed below are some resources currently available on the internet;-

Maine, an Encyclopedia

Has a useful map showing the locations of all of the Maine Two Footers (click on image to enlarge in your browser). Some of the historical facts presented about the SR&RL are believed to be suspect.
Bridgton Historical Society
B&SR Wikipedia page
Kennebec Central Wikipedia page
Monson Wikipedia page

Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes Railroad
SR&RL Wikipedia page
WW&F Railway Museum
WW&FR Wikipedia page,_Waterville_and_Farmington_Railway
Maine Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum
Wikipedia page: Narrow Gauge railroads in Maine
Current Edaville theme park site
Brian Carter has a very useful website about the Maine Two Footers at;-

Written by Terry Smith 11-Aug-2013, updated 02-03-2015.

Portland Products – the second domestic manufacturer


 Updated 15-01-2015 and 08-07-2015.


This fabulous model of a small Maine Two Foot Forney style loco resulted from a collaboration between Bob Werner, proprietor of the Hobby Barn and Portland Products and Peter Barney, then proprietor of SRCS (Sandy River Car Shops). Machined parts were produced by Steve Earle and most of the 41 units produced for sale were assembled by noted Two Foot modeller Mark Hall. It is believed that Bob Werner may have assembled the final three units offered for sale. The F&M #1 was intended to be the first in a line of small Forney’s produced domestically within the USA, continuing with models of Monson #1 & #2 and Bridgton #1 & #2, if there were sufficient orders. Peter Barney advertised the model availability in his SRCS Newsletters in the 1986 to 1989 timeframe, and referred to the collaboration as “The Forney Co.”. Some models were sold in white SRCS boxes, labelled “The Forney Co.” and incorrectly describing the model as “F&M #2/#3”. Bob Werner sold some models in red boxes labelled “Portland Products, a division of The Hobby Barn, and correctly describing the model as F&M #1”.


The production quantity is stated in the SRCS Newsletters as being 25 pieces, and the original retail price was $425. According to Mark Hall, he built 38 locomotives and added a builders serial number inscribed into the underside of the rear deck in an area covered by the rear truck. Bob Werner is believed to have assembled the final three units offered for sale, and one of these units does not have such a serial number

The model had a similar specification to the earlier Putnam & Stowe  engines, but had a better build quality. The Sagami can motor was fitted with a small lead flywheel which combined with a properly engineered gearbox gives good running performance. Current owners of this locomotive rated it very highly in the Owners Survey.

The rear truck has a novel mounting consisting of a pillar on the engine frame with a vertical spring locating in a cross slot in the truck bolster. This mounting allows the rear truck to slide sideways by .093” each side of centre under friction damping from the spring and allows upwards displacement of the whole truck against the spring pressure. 

Information from the Brass Guide

Editors note, 28-12-2014: total production sold is 41 units, according to Mark Hall.

The Brass guide lists additional versions (road names and numbers) and suggests that some four batches each of 50 were produced. These are reproduced below for reference only.


Number Quantity Brass Guide Number


Loco 0-4-4T



Loco 0-4-4T





Loco 0-4-4T





Loco 0-4-4T





Loco 0-4-4T





Sadly, the collaboration did not continue with their original intended line of small Forneys, but instead produced an unpowered pilot model of the much larger SR&RL #9 (2-4-4RT), which was on display in the Hobby Barn for some years. This model never went into batch production and was overtaken by the imported offerings from The Car Works.

Update 4-January-2014: The Editors have uncovered a posting to the MaineOn2 Yahoo! group written by Ray Christopher in December 2010 which gives some more information, and is reproduced here in it’s original form;- Several models of Hinkley Forneys have been available. Peter Barney of Sandy River Car Shops released an On2 model of F&M #1 in its later configuration. A photo appears in MTFM #8, January 1987.  The article states the model was released by The Forney Company. I have one of these models and the box is labelled Sandy River Car Shops. The model was built by Bob Werner. The July 1988 issue of MTFM #16 has an article about a second model of F&M #1 released by Portland Products. The article states this is the same model as the SRCS release with some improvements. The December 1989 issue of MTFM #23 has an article about Portland Products release of Hinkleys SR#1 and P&R #4. This model of P&R #4 has the correct cab roof for the P&R period. The article also has pictures of Bob’s F&M #1 and the pilot model for SR&RL #9. I have never seen any of these models. If anyone has one please post some pictures. A few other observations. There appears to be two sizes of Hinkley sand domes. SR #1, SR#2, Monson #1 and Monson #2 all had domes shorter than the steam dome. F&M #1, B&SR #1 and B&SR #2 all had domes the same height as the steam dome providing more sand capacity. This is an easy change at the factory as both sizes use the same top and bottom castings. The P&S models have the same size tanks as the Portland locomotives but these are not the original tanks. The larger tanks came after rebuilds that extended the frames and added the larger tanks. The originals were adequate for the B&B but probably inadequate for the longer runs of the growing Franklin County roads. The same sized cabs makes sense. The locomotives increased in size but the people operating them did not. No need to change what already is adequate. Finally, don’t forget the great article in MTFM #13 by Charlie Siebenthal with drawings showing the evolution of SR #1 and SR #2. Ray Christopher.  

Update 08-07-2015: Peter Watson’s photograph’s of all four pilot models on his home layout are also shown in the Narrow Gauge & Short Line Gazette, January/February 1990 edition.

Update 26 January 2014: page six of the Coastal Engineering price list may give a clue to what happened to the proposed range of locomotives. Most probably the pilot models were built, but then insufficient orders/reservations were received (25 required for the photo-etchings, 50 for castings) to allow the models to be produced economically. Click here to visit the Portland Products Parts and Coastal Engineering Price list posting.  

This post was written by Terry Smith with additional information provided by Walter Orloff in 2013 and updated in 2015 with information provided by Mark Hall and Chris Walker. 

Portland Products – F&M locomotive #1

Updated 15(2)-01-2015.


The model as purchased on a display shelf.



The model as purchased.


Underview showing the rear truck arrangement and extra pickups added by the owner.


The red Portland Products box………


An interior view showing the plain sheet representing the firebox/backhead which partially obscures the motor.



A view showing the drive arrangements, lead flywheel and gearbox. The diode network is an addition giving a constant 1.4 volt supply to the headlight bulb. The sockets allow the headlamp leads to be separated from the chassis when required.

Brief prototype locomotive notes

The prototype locomotive was built by Hinkley in 1884 as their works #1664 as Franklin & Megantic #1 V.B. Mead (1884 – 1905), and also served as;-

Franklin & Megantic #2(2nd) (1905 -1908)

Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes #2 (1908 – 1912).


For more information about the prototype locomotive, click here.